Error Correction using Minipolish

Similarly to Racon the tool Minipolish is written specifically to improve minimap2/miniasm assemblies. In fact, minipolish uses Racon to polish miniasm assemblies but in contrast to Racon it produces output files in miniasm’s GFA format instead of in fasta. Additonally, Minipolish was written with a focus on cirular replicons, e.g., bacterial genomes, plasmids and plastids, which it tries to cleanly corcularize, if possible.

Additionaly features/advantages:

Change into the directory minipolish in directory practicals/error_corection_practicals. Use the provided nanofilt trimmed reads and the miniasm assembly to run minipolish

 minipolish -t 2 nanofilt_result.fastq miniasm.gfa > minipolished_assembly.gfa

The above command will run minipolish with 2 CPUs (-t 2) and re-direct (>) the output into the file minipolished_assembly.gfa.

For cases where you don't already have a miniasm assembly Minipolish also provides a script that combines the commands for minimap2, miniasm and minipolish. For more details see the Minipolish home page.

As mentioned, one of the features of minipolish is that it writes the result into a GFA files which can be visualised with tools such as Bandage. However, for the moment we will “undo” this advantage and convert the GFA to fasta to compare Minipolish’s performans to that of a pure Racon run.

Use awk to convert the GFA to fasta

awk ’/^S/{print “>”$2”\n”$3}’ miniasm.gfa > miniasm.fasta

Use dnadiff and potentially Assemblytics to compare the minipolish results to the raw assembly and Racon results.

  1. What changed in the minipolish assembly, what got better, what worse?

Answer